A notable exception was made in , when Berthold Beitz, the president of the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation received honorary citizenship for his long lasting commitment to the city. World's fifty most-populous urban areas. Further 20 S-Bahn stations can be found in the whole urban area.
Despite its industrial history, Essen is generally regarded as one of Germany's greenest cities. Around , Saint Altfrid around — , the later Bishop of Hildesheim , founded an abbey for women coenobium Astnide in the centre of present-day Essen. She returned in the summer of following the Bavarians under Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim , only to leave again in September. The Catholic abbey had no troops to counter this development.
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In they founded the Communist Workers' International. Between the early 15th and 20th centuries, the political system of Essen underwent several changes, most importantly the introduction of the Protestant Reformation in , the annexation of by Prussia , and the subsequent secularization of the principality in Grugapark , Kranichwiese facing the Orangerie and the sculpture Orion. CS1 German-language sources de Articles with German-language external links Articles containing German-language text Webarchive template wayback links Subscription required using via Pages containing links to subscription-only content Coordinates on Wikidata Articles with hAudio microformats Articles containing potentially dated statements from March All articles containing potentially dated statements Interlanguage link template link number All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from July Articles containing potentially dated statements from Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers.
It has been described as the showcase event of the year for the tuning community  and as the German version of the annual SEMA auto show in Las Vegas. RWE AG headquarters in the business district. Essen was part of the settlement areas of several Germanic peoples Chatti , Bructeri , Marsi , although a clear distinction among these groupings is difficult. Retrieved 6 April Founded around , Essen remained a small town within the sphere of influence of an important ecclesiastical principality Essen Abbey until the onset of industrialization. The oldest archaeological find, the Vogelheimer Klinge , dates back to , — , BC.
In , Essen was chosen to serve as the seat to a Roman Catholic diocese often referred to as Ruhrbistum or diocese of the Ruhr. She was to become the most important of all abbesses in the history of Essen. The region was sparsely populated with only a few smallholdings and an old and probably abandoned castle. The final decision of the court in was that the city had to be duly obedient in dos and don'ts to the abbesses but could maintain its old rights—a decision that did not really solve any of the problems. In , the abbey, which had only been an important landowner until then, gained the status of a princely residence when Emperor Frederick II called abbess Elisabeth I Reichsfürstin Princess of the Empire in an official letter.
In early , the universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg both established in were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen. Retrieved 16 May Resident in Essen since the 16th century, the Krupp family dynasty and Essen shaped each other. The borough of Kettwig , located south of the Ruhr River, and which was not annexed until , has its own area code. Most of the boroughs were originally independent municipalities but were gradually annexed from to
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She reigned for over 40 years, and endowed the abbey's treasury with invaluable objects such as the oldest preserved seven branched candelabrum, and the Golden Madonna of Essen , the oldest known sculpture of the Virgin Mary in the western world. Folkwang University of the Arts. It is the central city of the northern Ruhr part of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area and seat to several of the region's authorities. On the same motorway, a long-term test of a guided bus system is being held since Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich.
The cathedral is located in the centre of the city which evolved around it. In , a re-Catholicization law was enacted, and churchgoing was strictly controlled. Shaft XII, built in Bauhaus style, with its characteristic winding tower, which over the years has become a symbol for the whole Ruhr area, is considered an architectural and technical masterpiece, earning it a reputation as the most beautiful coal mine in the world.
The Ruhrmuseum , a museum dedicated to the history of the Ruhr area, which had been existing since , opened its gates as one of the anchor attractions in the former coal-washing facility in Around , construction of the collegiate church of the abbey began, to be completed in However, from the 14th century onwards, the city council increasingly grew in importance. After the successful invasion of Germany by the allies, Essen was assigned to the British Zone of Occupation.
During the Nazi era — , mayors were installed by the Nazi Party. The team is one of the main teams in Germany's second division ProA and has attempted to move up to Germany's elite league Basketball Bundesliga. On Essen territory, the A 52 runs from the southern boroughs near Mülheim an der Ruhr past the fairground and then merges with the Ruhrschnellweg at the Autobahndreieck Essen-Ost junction east of the city centre.
On the morning of March 31, it came to the sad culmination of this French-German confrontation. CS1 German-language sources de Articles with German-language external links Articles containing German-language text Webarchive template wayback links Subscription required using via Pages containing links to subscription-only content Coordinates on Wikidata Articles with hAudio microformats Articles containing potentially dated statements from March All articles containing potentially dated statements Interlanguage link template link number All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from July Articles containing potentially dated statements from Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers. An extension of the A 52 to connect the Essen-Ost junction with the A 42 to close this gap is considered urgent;  it has been planned for years but not yet been realized — most importantly due to the high-density areas this extension would lead through, resulting in high costs and concerns with the citizens.
It is the central city of the northern Ruhr part of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area and seat to several of the region's authorities. In the north, the A 42 briefly touches Essen territory, serving as an interconnection between the neighboring cities of Oberhausen and Gelsenkirchen and destinations beyond. The former collegiate church of Essen Abbey and nowadays cathedral of the Bishop of Essen is a Gothic hall church made from light sandstone.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Location of Essen within North Rhine-Westphalia. Presse- und Kommunikationsamt, Oberbürgermeister, Stadt Essen.
Generally, large areas south of the River Ruhr including the suburbs of Schuir and Kettwig are quite green and are often quoted as examples of rural structures in the otherwise relatively densely populated central Ruhr area. The sinister heraldically left escutcheon is one of the oldest emblems of Essen and shows a sword that people believed was used to behead the city's patron Saints Cosmas and Damian. The city then — especially through the Krupp family iron works — became one of Germany's most important coal and steel centers.